Spinal Fractures

Spinal Fractures: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment Approaches


Spinal fractures are serious injuries that can have significant implications for a person’s mobility, function, and quality of life. These fractures can result from trauma, such as a car accident or fall, or from underlying conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the types, symptoms, and treatment approaches for spinal fractures, highlighting the expertise of Dr. Vipin Garg and the KLM Group in Gwalior.

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Understanding Spinal Fractures

Spinal fractures involve a break or collapse of one or more vertebrae, the small bones that make up the spinal column. These fractures can occur anywhere along the spine, from the cervical (neck) region to the lumbar (lower back) region. Spinal fractures are classified based on their severity and the mechanism of injury:

  • Compression Fractures: Compression fractures occur when the vertebrae collapse or become compressed, often due to osteoporosis or trauma. These fractures can cause loss of height, back pain, and changes in posture.
  • Burst Fractures: Burst fractures involve the shattering of the vertebra, resulting in fragments of bone protruding into the spinal canal. This type of fracture is typically caused by high-energy trauma, such as a car accident or fall from a height.
  • Flexion-Distraction Fractures: Flexion-distraction fractures occur when the spine is subjected to extreme flexion or bending forces, causing the vertebrae to pull apart. These fractures are often seen in motor vehicle accidents and can result in spinal instability and neurological deficits.
spinal compression fractures

Symptoms of Spinal Fractures

The symptoms of a spinal fracture can vary depending on the location and severity of the injury. Common symptoms include:

  • Severe back pain that worsens with movement
  • Loss of height or changes in posture
  • Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the limbs
  • Difficulty walking or standing
  • Bowel or bladder dysfunction (in severe cases)

It is essential to seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms, as untreated spinal fractures can lead to complications such as spinal cord injury and paralysis.

MRI examples for single acute concomitant and previous vertebral fractures a Patient

Treatment Approaches for Spinal Fractures

The treatment of spinal fractures depends on several factors, including the type and severity of the fracture, the presence of neurological symptoms, and the patient’s overall health. Treatment options may include:

  • Conservative Management: Mild compression fractures may be managed conservatively with rest, pain medication, and bracing to support the spine during healing. Physical therapy may also be recommended to improve strength and flexibility.
  • Minimally Invasive Surgery: For more severe fractures or those causing spinal instability or neurological deficits, minimally invasive surgical procedures may be necessary. These procedures involve stabilizing the spine and relieving pressure on the spinal cord or nerves using techniques such as vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty, or spinal fusion.
  • Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation: Following treatment, rehabilitation is essential to restore mobility, strength, and function. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and chiropractic care may be recommended to help patients regain independence and improve their quality of life.

Expert Care from Dr. Vipin Garg and the KLM Group

Dr. Vipin Garg, a renowned orthopedic surgeon at the KLM Group in Gwalior, specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of spinal fractures. With extensive experience and expertise in spinal surgery, Dr. Garg provides personalized care to patients, utilizing advanced surgical techniques and state-of-the-art technology to achieve optimal outcomes.

Read More:

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spine cracked

At the KLM Group, patients benefit from comprehensive orthopedic care delivered by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals. From diagnosis and treatment to rehabilitation and follow-up care, Dr. Garg and his team are committed to providing compassionate, patient-centered care tailored to each individual’s needs.


Spinal fractures are serious injuries that require prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment to prevent complications and maximize recovery. With expert care from professionals like Dr. Vipin Garg and the dedicated team at the KLM Group, individuals with spinal fractures can receive comprehensive treatment and support to help them regain function, mobility, and quality of life. By understanding the types, symptoms, and treatment approaches for spinal fractures, patients can take proactive steps to protect their spinal health and well-being.

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